Achondroplasia:
the most common form of shortness with disproportionally short limbs because the cartilidge has difficulty forming to bone.

Causes: Hormone imbalances, and metabolic problems.
-mutations in the FGFR3 gene ( when the G is replaced with an A)
- Mutations in the FGFR3 gene are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
-only one parent has to have this in order to pass it on.


Signs & Symptoms
  • short stature
  • short arms
  • short legs
  • enlarged head
  • bowed legs
  • decreased muscle tone
Adults with the condition will develop sway of lower back. Doctors think it may be associated with health problems. These problems may include-
  • breathing disorders
  • obesity
  • re-occuring ear infections

Treatments
  • Achondroplasia cannot actually be treated to get rid of but there are ways to help people deal with it in their lives
  • social and family support
  • regular check-ups with healthcare provider
  • somatrophin (human growth hormone) to treat short stature; is most beneficial to begin at 1-6 years of age
  • most orthopedic problems such as, craniocervical stenosis, thoracolumbar kyphosis, or spinal stenosis are all related to the spine and can be sergically controlled, though they cannot be fully corrected
  • nutritional counseling


Graphics
external image Achondroplasia_BB5556.jpg


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Works Cited
"Definition of Achondroplasia." MedicineNet.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2115>.

"Achondroplasia Symptoms." Bones Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2012. <http://bones.emedtv.com/achondroplasia/achondroplasia-symptoms.html>.

"achondroplasia - Google Search." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2012. <http://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&hl=en&source=hp&biw=1366&bih=616&q=achondroplasia&gbv=2&oq=achonro&aq=0sS&aqi=g-sS1&aql=&gs_sm=1&gs_upl=4753l7230l0l9629l7l7l0l0l0l0l278l494l2-2l2l0&safe=active#hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=achondroplasia+pictures&oq=achondroplasia+&aq=1&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_sm=1&gs_upl=15148l15148l0l18358l1l1l0l0l0l0l203l203l2-1l1l0&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb
"Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?start=197&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1280&bih=632
"Achondroplasia Treatment." Bones Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2012. http://bones.emedtv.com/achondroplasia/achondroplasia-treatment.html.
"Medscape: Medscape Access." Medscape: Medscape Access. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2012. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1258401-treatment>.