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Cystic Fibrosis (CF) or Mucoviscidosis is a dangerous genetic disorder that causes severe lung damage and affects digestion. CF affects the movement of salt (Sodium Chloride) into and out of the cells that produce mucus, sweat, saliva, and digestive juices. The defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky instead of thin and slippery. The secretions then begin to clog up the lungs, ducts, tubes, and lung infections that can cause serious damage to the lungs. The secretions can also block areas in the pancreas so the digestive fluids can not travel to the small intestine, where they are needed to break down food. The intestines cannot absorb fats and proteins fully. The secretions also prevent the body from absorbing key vitamins.
~Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis (CF): Frequent, bulky, and foul smelling steatorrhea ( feces); pot belly; wasted buttocks; glucosuria with polyuria; weight loss;sterility in males; hyperglycemia; barrel chest; bleeding disorders; clubbing of fingers in older children; chronic coughing and wheezing; salty taste when skin is kissed; recurrent pulmonary infections. In more detail: the respiratory system builds up mucus which causing coughing, lung infections, sinus infections, bronchitis, and pnuemonia; it affects the digestive system by clogging the intestines, and blocking enzymes from where they need to go.
Cf can be followed by
- Sinusitis- When the sinuses, which produce mucus and keep the lining of the nose moist, become swollen.
- Bronchiectasis- A lung disease where the bronchial tubes flabby and form pockets from the excess mucus. This becomes a place for bacteria to grow. This leads to lung infections and can lead to serious illnesses.
- Pneumothorax- collapsed lung
- Clubbing or enlargement of the fingertips or toes.
- Nasal Polyps- growths in the nose
- Pancreatitis- inflammation in the pancreas
- Rectal Prolapse
- Intestinal blockage
- Liver disease
how it is Inherited
a person gets (CF) when he/she get two mutated cftr genes, one from each parent. the cftr genes lie on chromosome 7.
however the parents do not have (CF) because thay both have normal copies of the gene. as shown in the diagram below there is a 25% chance of a child recieving the two mutated genes
there was no truley documented history of (CF) until the 1930s, before then it was classified as whooping cough. Despite the lack of a documentation of the disease,there has been an awareness of it since the 1700s, as popularized by the German saying, “A child whose forehead tastes like salt when kissed will soon die.” In 1940's, physicians found that ductual systems were affected by the disease and were being clogged by secretions. By the 1946s doctors came to realize of the genetic connection and how it was inherited.
treatments of (CF)
Although there is still no cure for (CF), treatment has improved greatly in recent years.
The goal of cystic fibrosis treatment is to:
Prevent and control infections in your lungs
Loosen and remove the thick, sticky mucus from your lungs
Prevent blockages in your intestines
Provide adequate nutrition.
==Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis Lung Problems==
Common treatments for lung problems seen in cystic fibrosis may include:
Antibiotics for infections of the airways
Chest physical therapy
Other treatments for lung problems may include:
this video shows life with (CF)
Famous Personalities and Celebrities :
Albert Einstein, one of the greatest scientists of the past died of internal bleeding in Princeton’s Hospital and is thought to have suffered from cystic fibrosis.
Numerous other celebrities have lived with cystic fibrosis. Famous artists who have suffered from cystic fibrosis include Grégory Lemarchal, Bob Flanagan, Alice Martineau and Laura Rothenberg. Andrew Simmons who is known for his prowess in world wresting was in the past diagnosed with the disease.
Fraser brown, a son of United Kingdom’s Prime Minister Gordon Brown suffered from Cystic fibrosis. Alexandra Deford, who was a daughter of Frank Deford the famous sports writer, had been diagnosed with CF and later died in 1980. Famous soccer player Boomer Esiason’s son has also been diagnosed with the disease.
Bill Williams is a former professional soccer player living with cystic fibrosis. Bill who made over two hundred and fifty appearances in football leagues, played for Gillingham, Portsmouth, Mansfield Town, Queens Park Rangers and West Bromwich Albion.
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