Turner's SyndromeBy Sophie & Alexia
What is it? Turner's Syndrome is a chromosomal condition that describes girls and women with partial or complete absence of the second sex chromosome, making the female be born with 45 chromosomes instead of 46.
How is it diagnosed?Turner's Syndrome is diagnosed using a karyotype, or a picture of paired chromosomes. The diagnosis is usually made at birth or around the time of puberty.

tskkaryotype.jpg
Karyotype of a female with Turner's Syndrome


Symptoms

- Short Stature: Having a short stature is the most noticable feature of a Turner's Syndrome patient. The average height of a woman with TS is 4'8", early childhood is when the growth failure begins to become more obvious, falling below the average height of young girls.

-Premature Ovarian Failure: The majority of TS individuals have early ovarian failure. Because the ovaries make hormones necessary for breast development, menstruation, and propor bone development, estrogen replacement therapy is needed.

-Intelligence: TS patients have an average intelligence, more specifically, America's average intelligance. The difference between America and TS patients are their learning ability. TS patients have spatial-temparol processing difficulty, non-verbal memory and attention. Problems with math, sense of direction, social skills and dexterity are issues that come with Turner's Syndrome.
ht_turner_syndrome_common_symptoms_0803.gif
feet-600x384.jpg
Swelling of feet from TS



Video links

Turner's Syndrome
Youtube TS video

Help for TS patients

There is no cure for any symptoms of Turner's Syndrome, however, there is improvement for symptoms. For example, women or girls with TS take estrogen, a female hormone necessary for breast development, to improve breast development.

FUN FACTS!

-Named After Henry Turner
-The capital S in syndrome does not need to be capitalized because Henry Turner does not own "syndrome" only "Turner" therefore it should be Turner syndrome not Turner Syndrome.



Citations

" Learn about the Turner Syndrome Video – 5min.com." 5min - Find the best how to, instructional and DIY videos – Life Videopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://www.5min.com/Video/What-is-Turner-Syndrome-5594>.

" Turner Syndrome Symptoms?> - Health & Wellness - Tree.com." Tree. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://www.tree.com/health/turner-syndrome-symptoms.aspx>.

DiNapoli, Marianne . "Medical Mystery Monday #62: the case of delayed puberty - M.D. to be - Marianne DiNapoli - timesunion.com - Albany NY." Times Union Blogs - timesunion.com - Albany NY. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://blog.timesunion.com/mdtobe/medical-mystery-monday-62-the-case-of-delayed-puberty/1827/>.

"Turner Syndrome ." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/genetic/turner.html>.

"Turner Syndrome Causes, Symptoms And Karyotypes ." Medical Articles, Medical News, Medical Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://www.doctortipster.com/3328-turner-syndrome.html>.

"Turner's syndrome ." The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders. 2 ed. 2002. Print.

"What is TS? | Turner Syndrome Society of US." Turner Syndrome Society of US | Welcome to Turner Syndrome Society of the U.S.. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. <http://www.turnersyndrome.org/learn-about-ts/what-ts>.